Top 20 biggest oil spills ...part 1
Seaaccidents are chronicled since the existence of ship operations. Although technological advances in the construction of ships contributed to their safety, several other factors led to the crippling effects on the marine environment and ecosystems.
Oil spills in particular are a cause of great concern, despite the various safety protocols designed for ships, equipment, and transportation of crude oil and petroleum. Twenty such extremely distressing incidents relating after 1967, are referred to as such far-reaching and they still continue to live in the global maritime industry.
Crash betweenGreek oil tanker Atlantic Empress and the Aegean Captain ship during a tropical storm, accompanied by an oil spill and is one of the largest marine incidents. In July 1979, the two vessels hit each other near the island of Tobago in the Caribbean sea. Although the harm of Aegean Captain was able to reduce, spills caused by the Atlantic Empress reached enormous proportions, nearly 3, 00,000 tons. This disaster killed 26 crew members on both ships.
Althoughtechnically it’s not an accident of the oil spill caused by crude oil tankers that spill is isolated bio crash occurring offshore platforms for oil drilling. During the first Gulf War, a tanker crashed with a platform on Feb 10, 1983, spilling about 1,500 barrels a day, while the platform was not attacked by Iraqi planes and exploded. Spill is not controlled immediately, because this area was in the middle of the Iran-Iraq war zone.In general, the leak amounted to over 2, 50,000 tons in the Gulf and cost the lives of over 10 work- people.
Oil Spill from the tanker ABT Summer is one of the most harrowing disasters affecting maritime territory. The incident occurred in the early 1990s. The vessel was located a few kilometers from the Angolan coast. The tanker was traveling from Iran to Rotterdam, where did leak from the oil spill, covering 700 miles of the coast. The disaster killed five of the 32 crew members on board.
Unprecedente detonation in fact cause the accident. The degree of damage to the marine ecosystem is large, although they are said to be very minimal in comparison to oil spilled at sea. Because the accident happened far away from the coast, people suppose that the oil spill will be scattered at sea naturally. Because of that it has not been done to clean up the oil.
4. Castillo de Bellver
Castillo de Bellverincident occurred about 70 miles northwest of Cape Town, South Africa in early 1980. Unexplained fire caused breaking of the ship and led to the spill of crude oil. Blazing tanker was abandoned and suffered in coastal areas until eventually broke in half. Stern capsized and sank in the deep ocean, with about 110,000 tons of oil tanks. Bow section was towed and sunk in a controlled explosion. The ship was carrying nearly 79 million gallons of crude oil during the incident. The cleaning was minimal. There was a spread of oil, but the overall impact on the environment were small. Around 1,500 seabirds have been gathered on a nearby island and are preparing for their mating period were coated with petrool, but the impact of oil on fish stocks was minimal.
5. Amoco Cadiz
Destructionof marine life forms from the Amoco Cadiz accident in 1978 is considered one of the most painful events in maritime history. Storm dragged Amoco Cadiz, which was a tanker-type Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) and stuck in a 90-foot deep outcrop off the coast of Brittany, France. The ship split in two and quickly sank before its 1,604,500 barrels of oil to be pumped out of the rubble. The ship spilled more than 2, 20,000 tons of crude oil into the waters. The consequences of the spill soon reached even the British Isles as cleaning operations were hampered by bad weather and ocean conditions. Several plant species, marine mammals and other crustaceans were affected due to the spill.
Violentexplosion aboard the Cyprian tanker Havenkilledsixcrew members and spilling 145,000 tons of oil off the coast of Italyin April 1991. About 70 percent of the oil burned in the ensuing fire. In most oil spills, oil remains near the surface, but in this case part of the spill sinks. Oil from Haven, later was found in the ocean bed at a depth of 1640 feet (500 meters). Italian authorities have acted quickly. Hundreds of men involved in firefighting, who was inaccessible place. Six miles of inflatable barriers were submerged a few meters below the surface of the water around the ship to stop the spread of oil. Over the next 12 years the Mediterranean coast of Italy and France was polluted, especially around Genoaand southern France.
In November 1988, U.S. oil tanker Odyssey split in two because of weather conditions, 700 miles off the coast of Nova Scotia in the waters of the North Atlantic. As the ship sank, the stern fire broke out which led to ignition of oil on board. The tanker blurted out about 132,000 tons of crude oil into the sea. Due to severe weather conditions, clean-up operations that the Canadian Coast Guard ordered, defeated and much of the oil burns. As a result of this spill incident is one of the largest in the history of the world. Nevertheless, oil almost reaches the coast - in part because of the rapid burning oil from the initial explosion, and because currents are scattered spill across the Atlantic towards England.
8. Sea Star
SouthKoreansupertanker Sea Star collides with Brazilian tanker Horta Barbosa, off the coast of Oman on 19 December 1972. Vessels ignite after impact and more members of the crew managed to leave the ship. Along with damage to the marine ecosystem accident caused the death of 12 people on the crew. Although Horta Barbosa was extinguished in a day, Sea Star sank in the Gulf of December 24 after several explosions. The amount of oil that has spilled into the ocean is 35.3 million gallons.
9. Irenes Serenade
Greektanker Irenes Serenade, which was loaded with 102.660 tons of crude oil from Iraq and traveled the route from Syriato Trieste, stopped in Navarino Bay, Greece, to load fuel. On February 23, 1980, while at anchor, the ship burst explosions barrel and ignite the entire load. Oil spill, two miles long and half a mile wide it spread around the ship and the surrounding waters. The water and the tanker burnt 14 hours and the next morning the tanker sank near Pylos Harbor, near the island Sfakteria. All but two of the crew were rescued. The slope of the island is burned to a height of 30 meters. The extent of damage to surrounding ecosystems Navarino Bay, which is known tourist destination and a place for recreation and tourism is huge. Following the accident, the panoramic beauty and tranquility of the island were destroyed, despite rapid intervention of the Greek government.
Lessknown, but no less maritime disaster is unprecedented oil carrier accident Urquiola in 1976. Urquiola oil tanker ran aground while approaching the oil terminal Coruna La Coruna, Spain. From the ship began to leak oil and later caught fire. About 513,000 barrels, more than half of the oil on board, was burned during the 16-hour fire. Thick black cloud covered the city of La Coruña and spread over 100 kilometers inside the city.
Almost 200 km (125 miles) from the coast were affected. 70% of mussels and oysters in the Bay of Rio de Burgo were killed by oil reserves. The incident has led to the loss of life of the captain.