Definitions that every seaman should know under the ISM Code
Main goals for the introduction of International Safety Management (ISM) Code are:
ensuring safety at sea;
ensuring prevention of accidents and injuries for peopleworking at sea ;
preventing pollution and ensuring the security of the ship and cargo.
ISM code is put into action in order to inculcate a culture of safety at sea, all working in the shipping business persons by setting international standards to achieve the objectives set for thecode.
SOLAS adopted the code in 1994, it added to Chapter IX, in 1998 a large part of the Merchant Shipping shall be in accordance with the Code, and by 2002 ISM code became mandatory for all members of the international shipping community.
To understand the ISM is important to know the definitions of some important terms that define the whole structure of the ISM Code IMO. If you are man working in the sea, then you should know these six definitions that form the basic structure of the code ISM.
1. Safety Management System (SMS): management system, structured and documented for enabling ship operators and crews to effectively implement the policy of safety and security on the ship, the crew and the environment at sea. The system standardizes and defines common for companies permits and guidelines for certain types of specific activities on board, applications and general information about the operating rules.
2. Document of Compliance: Document of Compliance certificate is issued to the shipping company that meets all the requirements of the Code ISM. Document of Compliance is one of the most important documents of the ship, which are often checked during an inspection port state control.
3. Safety Management Certificate (SMC):this is a certificate given to the ship, which means that the company and its personnel on ships operating in accordance with the system of safety management (SMS). SMC must be made by the ship when it is requested by the PSC.
4. Objective Evidence: Objective evidence is any form of information, records or statements of facts showing the application of the safe management of the shipping company and its ships. Objective evidence is based on observation, measurement or test, made during the audit, and that can be verified.
5. Non Conformity and Major Non-Conformity:When there is objective evidence pointing to non-specific requirement specified by the system safety management is considered that there has been a situation of discrepancy.
Major non-compliance is an extremely serious situation that poses a serious threat to the safety of personnel, the ship or the environment. This indicates a major gap in the effective and systematic implementation of the Code ISM. The discrepancy will require immediate corrective action to be taken by the management of the ship.
6. Anniversary Date: The annual date may be defined as the day and month of each year, which marks the end of the relevant certificate or document of the ship to the Code ISM.